During the time period in which Jesus Christ was born there were many different things going on in the cultural climate. The cultural climate had to do with all things politically, socially, religiously, and economically. Jesus Christ was born in the town of Bethlehem, Judea. He was born into the Jewish religion. During this time period, the Jewish people had a very difficult time because so many people were against them and their faith.
Politically, the rules of this time were very strict. The Roman government was in charge of all of Judea and many other places. King Herod was the king who enforced the Roman laws to the people of Judea. The Jewish people believed that they had their own freedoms, but in reality the Romans ruled them and they had to obey the laws. King Herod was horrible to the people and was very strict against the Jews. He even demanded that all the first born Jewish baby boys be killed. Economically, the times were made very difficult because of the way the Romans ruled. They made it so the poor and rich were very separated in the class systems. The poor had to work very hard just to earn a small amount of money. They had to build many things in the towns for their jobs, which was very difficult and time consuming. Despite their hard work, they were taxed by the Roman government, so they had to work even harder just to earn enough money to survive.
Socially, the people were separated into two groups. The first group would be the Jewish people, and the second group was the Gentiles. The Gentiles were all of the non-Jewish people of this time. Religiously, there was also two separate groups of people. These were the Sadducees and the Pharisees. The Sadducees were the people who followed the Torah, but not the specific Jewish religion. They were the larger of the two groups because they followed the Roman traditions rather than Jewish traditions. The Pharisees were those who followed the Jewish traditions. They would teach about God and the old traditions written in the Torah. They were very Jewish and had a very strong faith even though it was not accepted during this period in time.